We are all familiar with blackheads. They are those little black dots that cover the skin, and there are various ways to extract them. There are blackhead pads that can be applied with water, little metal blackhead extractors you can find at Sephora stores, and otherwise.
But scientifically speaking, they are referred to as open comedo or plural comedones.
They appear as a yellowish or black bump or plug in the skin, and it is type of acne vulgaris, or some would say that they serve as predecessors of breakouts in general.
The skin naturally produces an amount of sebum. It is an oil necessary to keep your skin soft, healthy, and youthful among other things. However, during your teen years or other years in which you might experience fluctuations in hormones and related breakouts, your sebum production tends to figuratively speaking go through the roof. At this point, the oil gets trapped, clogs hair follicles, and generally speaking it darkens as it oxidizes.
However, it should be noted that the way light is reflected may actually make the blackhead appear black.
- This is why when it is extracted, it often does not actually look black.
- It may instead look yellow or brown, because it also has melanin content.
- Small holes in the skin are also a common occurrence when extracting blackheads from the skin.
Blackheads do not always need to be removed, nor should they always be removed. Just as you should not pop a zit, you should think carefully before extracting a blackhead.
There are good and bad ways to do it of course. For example, squeezing the area with your fingers would be inadvisable.
This can spread infection and also create greater breakouts due to the bacteria lying on your fingers, underneath your nails, and otherwise. And when you extract it, the holes left open tend to attract more oil anyway.
However, they should not be used by the everyday individual, because quite frankly, they can actually do damage to the skin.
- They are still small metal tools and they can easily cut and scar the skin if mistakes are made, which is quite easy to do in the whole scheme of things.
- Others have also found that the pore strips can be quite useful.
It is just a matter of knowing what works for you and staying away from those that can cause greater damage than good. It is also a matter of knowing what a blackhead is so you can properly assess it and deal with it or for that matter know when to leave it alone.